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Standseilbahn Linth-Limmern

Coordinates: 46°51′59″N 8°59′57″E / 46.8665°N 8.9992°E / 46.8665; 8.9992
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Standseilbahn Linth-Limmern
The lower station (2020)
Other name(s)
  • Standseilbahn Kraftwerk Linth-Limmern Tierfehd–Maschinenkaverne
  • Standseilbahn Tierfehd–Maschinenkaverne
  • PSW Limmern Standseilbahn SSB 1 im Zugangsstollen ZS I
StatusIn operation
OwnerKraftwerke Linth-Limmern AG (KLL)
LocaleLinthal, Glarus, Switzerland
Coordinates46°51′59″N 8°59′57″E / 46.8665°N 8.9992°E / 46.8665; 8.9992
  • Tierfehd
  • "Maschinenkaverne Pumpspeicherwerk Limmern"
TypeFunicular, underground
Rolling stock2 for 30 passengers or 120t each (also: 1 for 215 t)
OpenedSeptember 2013
(10 years ago)
Line length3,778 m (12,395 ft)
Number of tracks1 with passing loop
Track gauge1,800 mm (5 ft 10+78 in)
Electrificationfrom opening (2x 870 kW)
Operating speed6 metres per second (20 ft/s) for 40 t; 0.5 metres per second (1.6 ft/s) for 215 t
Maximum incline24% (constant)

The Standseilbahn Linth-Limmern is a funicular railway at the Linth-Limmern pumped storage plant in the Canton of Glarus in Switzerland. Built in 2013[1][2] for a transport capacity of 215 tonnes (237 tons),[3][4][5] the funicular moved the four transformers of the hydroelectric plant from Tierfehd at an elevation of 816 m (2,677 ft) to the machinery cavern of the Limmern plant at 1,697 m (5,568 ft).[6] This made it the highest-capacity funicular.[4] The 3,778-metre-long (12,395 ft) line, passing through a tunnel, has an elevation difference of 882 m (2,894 ft) and an incline of 24 per cent.[3] The single track has a passing loop[4] for the descending car.

Since the completion of the plant's expansion, the funicular is used by the staff of and visitors to the hydroelectric plant. It is owned by Kraftwerke Linth-Limmern AG (KLL), a joint venture of Axpo (85%) and the Canton of Glarus (15%).[7]

The lower station is accessed through a short tunnel from Tierfehd,[8] near the aerial cableways to Kalktrittli and Baumgartenalp: 46°52′42″N 8°59′14″E / 46.878421°N 8.98714°E / 46.878421; 8.98714 (Standseilbahn Linth-Limmern (lower station)).[2]

The upper station is in the machinery cavern near the dam of Limmernsee; 46°50′56″N 9°00′39″E / 46.848783°N 9.010871°E / 46.848783; 9.010871 (Standseilbahn Linth-Limmern (upper station)).[2] In proximity, another underground funicular leads from Kavernenzentrale Muttsee at 1870 m to Muttenkopf at 2393 m, near Muttsee.[9][10]

The funicular was built by Garaventa.[1][11] A tunnel boring machine (TBM) with a diameter of 8 metres (26 ft) was used to excavate the tunnel.[12]


  1. ^ a b "30-SPB Tierfehd-Maschinenkaverne PSW Limmern", Bergbahnen.org (in German and English), archived from the original on 8 April 2023, retrieved 8 April 2023
  2. ^ a b c "8783.03 Standseilbahn Kraftwerk Linth-Limmern Tierfehd - Maschinenkaverne", Seilbahndatenbank (in German), archived from the original on 8 April 2023, retrieved 8 April 2023
  3. ^ a b Kraftwerke Linth-Limmern AG (PDF) (in German), Axpo, July 2016, archived (PDF) from the original on 24 March 2023, retrieved 7 April 2023
  4. ^ a b c Seitz, Peter (2017), "Auf Bohren, Biegen und Brechen durch den Berg", Tec21 (in German) (19): 34–38
  5. ^ Messmer, Stefan; Berger, Patric (December 2014), "Standseilbahn Tierfehd–Maschinenkaverne (SSB1)", Sicherheitstechnische Betrachtungen zu Standseilbahnen für den Zugang zu einem zukünftigen geologischen Tiefenlager, Arbeitsbericht NAB (in German), vol. 14–77, Nagra, pp. 39–40
  6. ^ Bauunternehmung Vetsch Klosters AG, Projekt Linthal 2015 – KW Limmern Los E1 Standseilbahn 1 im Zugangsstollen (PDF) (in German)
  7. ^ "Aktionäre", Kraftwerke Linth-Limmern AG Jahresbericht 2019/20 (in German), p. 2
  8. ^ Bumann, Damian (November 2016), "Les téléphériques lourds de la nouvelle centrale de pompage de Linth-Limmern" (PDF), VTK/UCT (in French) (162): 28–31, archived (PDF) from the original on 10 April 2023, retrieved 7 April 2023
  9. ^ "Standseilbahn Muttsee", seilbahnen.ch (in German), archived from the original on 20 May 2023, retrieved 20 May 2023
  10. ^ "8783.02 Linthal Kraftwerk Linth-Limmern Kavernenzentrale Muttsee - Muttenkopf", standseilbahnen.ch (in German), archived from the original on 20 May 2023, retrieved 20 May 2023
  11. ^ "Materialstandseilbahn Linth-Limmern", Doppelmayr (in German), archived from the original on 8 April 2023, retrieved 8 April 2023
  12. ^ Thomas, Tris (26 July 2010), "TBM to incline drive in Switzerland", Tunnelling Journal, archived from the original on 21 April 2023, retrieved 21 April 2023

Further reading[edit]