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Baldeo Das Birla

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Baldeo Das Birla
ChildrenJugal Kishore Birla
Rameshwar Das Birla
Ghanshyam Das Birla
Brij Mohan Birla
ParentShiv Narain Birla
Gandhi inaugurating the Laxminarayan Temple, Delhi, 1938, with the Birla family

Baldeo Das Birla (1863 – 1956) was an Indian entrepreneur. He contributed to the establishment of the Medical College Calcutta, and also built the Laxminarayan Temple, Delhi, also known as Birla Mandir, which was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1939.[1]


When Britain was trading opium with China, Baldeo Das Birla, who was an adopted son of Shiv Narayan Birla used this opportunity to engage cargo ships in partnership with other tradesmen to trade opium with China. In 1887, Baldeo Das moved to Calcutta to set up business.[2]

Personal life[edit]

In the book by his great-grandson, Yash Birla mentioned that Baldeo Das Birla was named Raja by the British. The book further states that both Baldeo and his wife were both simple people who were deeply religious and superstitious.[3]

Baladeo Birla and his wife had four sons: Jugal Kishore, Rameshwar Das, Ghanshyam Das Birla, and Brij Mohan Birla.

Baldeo Das was awarded the Raibahadur title in 1917. In 1920, he retired from business and started living in Banares pursuing religious studies. In 1925, he was awarded the title of "Raja" by the Maharaja of Dumraon. He was awarded D. Litt. by Banaras Hindu University.

Writings by Baldeo Das Birla[edit]

  • Chhandogyopnishada Rahasya, 1926
  • Vedanta va Atmavichara, 1935
  • Darshanik Vichara, 1950

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Making history with brick and mortar". Hindustan Times. 15 September 2011. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012.
  2. ^ "Podcast | The business of family: Building with the Birlas". Moneycontrol. 14 May 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  3. ^ Birla, Yash; Singh, Vishwaveer (2014). On a prayer. New Delhi. ISBN 9780670085545. OCLC 877930797.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)