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County Antrim

Coordinates: 54°51′54″N 6°16′48″W / 54.865°N 6.280°W / 54.865; -6.280
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County Antrim
Contae Aontroma (Irish)
Coontie Antrìm (Ulster-Scots)
Coat of arms of County Antrim
The Glens County
Per angusta ad augusta  (Latin)
"Through Trial to Triumphs"
Location of County Antrim
Coordinates: 54°51′54″N 6°16′48″W / 54.865°N 6.280°W / 54.865; -6.280
CountryUnited Kingdom
RegionNorthern Ireland
Establishedc. 1400
County townAntrim
 • Total1,192 sq mi (3,086 km2)
 • Rank9th
Highest elevation1,808 ft (551 m)
 • Rank2nd
Time zoneUTC±0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode area
Contae Aontroma is the Irish name; Coontie Antrìm,[2] Countie Antrim,[3] Coontie Anthrim[4] and Coonty Entrim[5] are Ulster-Scots names.

County Antrim (named after the town of Antrim, from Irish Aontroim, meaning 'lone ridge')[6] is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland, located within the historic province of Ulster. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 3,086 square kilometres (1,192 sq mi) and has a population of 651,321,[7] as of the 2021 census. County Antrim has a population density of 211 people per square kilometre or 546 people per square mile.[8] It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland.

The Glens of Antrim offer isolated rugged landscapes, the Giant's Causeway is a unique landscape and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bushmills produces whiskey, and Portrush is a popular seaside resort and night-life area. The majority of Belfast, the capital city of Northern Ireland, is in County Antrim, with the remainder being in County Down.

According to the 2001, 2011, and 2021 censuses it is currently one of only two counties of the Island of Ireland in which a plurality or majority of the population are from a Protestant background. The other is County Down to the south.


Glens of Antrim at Glendun
Fair Head seen from Ballycastle
Columnar basalt at Giant's Causeway
Larne Harbour

A large portion of Antrim is hilly, especially in the east, where the highest elevations are attained. The range runs north and south, and, following this direction, the highest points are Knocklayd 514 m (1,690 ft), Slieveanorra 508 m (1,670 ft), Trostan 550 m (1,800 ft), Slemish 437 m (1,430 ft), Agnew's Hill 474 m (1,560 ft) and Divis 478 m (1,570 ft).[9] The inland slope is gradual, but on the northern shore the range terminates in abrupt and almost perpendicular declivities, and here, consequently, some of the finest coast scenery in the world is found, widely differing, with its unbroken lines of cliffs, from the indented coast-line of the west. The most remarkable cliffs are those formed of perpendicular basaltic columns, extending for many miles, and most strikingly displayed in Fair Head and the celebrated Giant's Causeway. From the eastern coast the hills rise instantly but less abruptly, and the indentations are wider and deeper. On both coasts there are several resort towns, including Portrush (with well-known golf links), Portballintrae and Ballycastle; on the east Cushendun, Cushendall and Waterfoot on Red Bay, Carnlough and Glenarm, Larne on the Sea of Moyle, and Whitehead on Belfast Lough. All are somewhat exposed to the easterly winds prevalent in spring. The only island of size is the L-shaped Rathlin Island, off Ballycastle, 11 km (6.8 mi) in total length by 2 km (1.2 mi) maximum breadth, 7 km (4.3 mi) from the coast, and of similar basaltic and limestone formation to that of the mainland. It is partially arable, and supports a small population. Islandmagee is a peninsula separating Larne Lough from the North Channel.[10]

The valleys of the Bann and Lagan, with the intervening shores of Lough Neagh, form the fertile lowlands. These two rivers, both rising in County Down, are the only ones of importance. The latter flows to Belfast Lough, the former drains Lough Neagh, which is fed by a number of smaller streams. The fisheries of the Bann and of Lough Neagh (especially for salmon and eels) are of value both commercially and to sportsmen, the small town of Toome, at the outflow of the river, being the centre. Immediately below this point lies Lough Beg, the "Small Lake", about 4.5 m (15 ft) lower than Lough Neagh.[10]


County Antrim has a number of air, rail and sea links.


Northern Ireland's main airport, Belfast International Airport, at Aldergrove, is in County Antrim. Belfast International shares its runways with 38 Brigade Flying Station Aldergrove, which otherwise has its own facilities.[11] It is the fifth-largest regional air cargo centre in the UK. There are regular services to Great Britain, Europe and North America.

The region is also served by George Best Belfast City Airport, a mile east of Belfast city centre on the County Down side of the city, which was renamed in 2006 in honour of footballer George Best.


Lisburn railway station is on the major rail link between Belfast and Dublin

The main Translink Northern Ireland Railways routes are the major line between Belfast, Antrim, Ballymena, Coleraine and Derry, Belfast to Carrickfergus and Larne, the port for Stranraer in Scotland and Coleraine to Portrush.


Two of Northern Ireland's main ports are in County Antrim, Larne and Belfast.

Ferries sail from Larne Harbour to destinations including Cairnryan in Scotland.

The Port of Belfast is Northern Ireland's principal maritime gateway, serving the Northern Ireland economy and increasingly that of the Republic of Ireland. It is a major centre of industry and commerce and has become established as the focus of logistics activity for Northern Ireland. Around two-thirds of Northern Ireland's seaborne trade, and a quarter of that for Ireland as a whole is handled at the port, which receives over 6,000 vessels each year.[12]


As of the 2021 census, County Antrim had a population of 651,321,[13] making it the most populous county in Northern Ireland, and the second-largest county by population on the island of Ireland, second only to County Dublin.


Ethnic group (2021 Census)[14][15]
Ethnic Group Number (%)
White: Total 623,574 95.74
White 622,011 95.50
White: British/Irish/Northern Irish/English/Scottish/Welsh
(with or without non-UK or Irish national identities)
600,912 92.26
White: Other 21,099 3.24
White: Irish Traveller 569 0.09
White: Roma 994 0.15
Asian or Asian British: Total 16,533 2.54
Asian/Asian British: Indian 5,406 0.83
Asian/Asian British: Chinese 5,149 0.79
Asian/Asian British: Filipino 2,221 0.34
Asian/Asian British: Arab 1,114 0.17
Asian/Asian British: Pakistani 687 0.11
Asian/Asian British: Other Asian 1,956 0.30
Black or Black British: Total 4,614 0.71
Black/Black British: Black African 3,961 0.61
Black/Black British: Black Other 653 0.10
Mixed: Total 5,253 0.81
Other: Any other ethnic group: Total 1,347 0.21
Total 651,321 100.00

Country of birth[edit]

Country of birth (2021 Census)[16]
Country of birth Number (%)
United Kingdom and Ireland 605,844 93.02
Northern Ireland 565,951 86.89
England 24,451 3.75
Scotland 6,010 0.92
Wales 936 0.14
Republic of Ireland 8,496 1.30
Europe 21,643 3.32
European Union 20,400 3.13
Other non-EU countries 1,243 0.19
Rest of World 23,833 3.66
Middle East and Asia 14,325 2.20
Africa 4,951 0.76
North America, Central America and Caribbean 2,885 0.44
Antarctica, Oceania and Other 1,061 0.16
South America 611 0.09
Total 651,321 100.00

Community background and religion[edit]

Religious Background in Antrim (2021)
Religion Per cent
Protestant and Other Christian
Other faiths

A traditionally Protestant-majority county since the Plantation of Ulster by Scottish and English settlers, the 2021 census revealed that those of a Protestant and Other Christian community background were no longer a majority in Antrim, comprising 47.0% of the population,[17] a sharp decline from 75.2% in 1861.[18] This is largely attributable to the rapid increase of the Catholic population, particularly in the city of Belfast, where they now comprise a plurality of the population, and its surrounding metropolitan area, as well as immigration from other parts of the world following the end of The Troubles and increasing rates of irreligion.

Religion or religion brought up in (2021 Census)[17]
Religion or religion brought up in Number (%)
Protestant and Other Christian 306,335 47.03
Catholic 260,867 40.06
None (no religion) 70,629 10.84
Other religion 13,490 2.07
Total 651,321 100.00
Religion (2021 Census)[19]
Religion Number (%)
Christian 498,196 76.49
Catholic 237,034 36.39
Presbyterian 127,230 19.53
Church of Ireland 66,990 10.29
Methodist 18,286 2.81
Other Christian (including Christian related) 48,656 7.47
Protestant and Other Christian: Total 261,162 40.10
Other religions 12,049 1.85
None/not stated 141,076 21.66
No religion 129,016 19.81
Religion not stated 12,060 1.85
Total 651,321 100.00

National identity[edit]

National identity (2021 Census)[20][21][22][23]
National identity Number %
British only 230,873 35.45%
Irish only 167,425 25.71%
Northern Irish only 121,867 18.71%
British and Northern Irish only 57,822 8.88%
Irish and Northern Irish only 10,341 1.59%
British, Irish and Northern Irish only 9,673 1.49%
British and Irish only 4,142 0.64%
Other identity 49,178 7.55%
Total 651,321 100.00%
All Irish identities 193,538 29.72%
All British identities 308,548 47.37%
All Northern Irish identities 202,615 31.11%

Irish language[edit]

Statistics for 2009–2010 show 1,832 students attending the twelve Gaelscoileanna (Irish language primary schools) and one Gaelcholáiste (Irish language secondary school).[24]


The county was administered by Antrim County Council from 1899 until the abolition of county councils in Northern Ireland in 1973.[25] The traditional county town is Antrim. More recently, Ballymena was the seat of county government. From 1973 Northern Ireland was split into districts, which were redrawn in 2015. County Antrim is part of the following districts:

The county contains within it the whole of five parliamentary constituencies:

Parts of the following five parliamentary constituencies are also in County Antrim:



Places with official city status:

Large towns[edit]

(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)[26]

Medium towns[edit]

(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)[26]

  • none

Small towns[edit]


(Population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)[26]

Intermediate settlements[edit]

(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)[26]



(Population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)[26]

Small villages or hamlets[edit]

(population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)[26]


Baronies of County Antrim
Civil parish map of County Antrim





Royal Avenue, Belfast. Photochrom print c. 1890–1900.

At what date the county of Antrim was formed is not known, but it appears that a certain district bore this name before the reign of Edward II (early 14th century), and when the shiring of Ulster was undertaken by Sir John Perrot in the 16th century, Antrim and Down were already recognised divisions, in contradistinction to the remainder of the province. The earliest known inhabitants were Mesolithic hunter-gatherers of pre-Celtic origin,[27] but the names of the townlands or subdivisions, supposed to have been made in the 13th century, are all of Celtic derivation.[10]

In ancient times, Antrim was inhabited by a Celtic people called the Darini.[28] In the early Middle Ages, southern County Antrim was part of the Kingdom of Ulidia, ruled by the Dál Fiatach clans Keenan and MacDonlevy/McDunlavey; the north was part of Dál Riada, which stretched into what is now western Scotland over the Irish Sea. Dál Riada was ruled by the O'Lynch clan, who were vassals of the Ulidians. Besides the Ulidians and Dál Riada, there were the Dál nAraide of lower County Antrim, and the Cruthin, who were pre-Gaelic Celts and probably related to the Picts of Britain.[29] Between the 8th and 11th centuries Antrim was exposed to the inroads of the Vikings.[10]

In the late 12th century Antrim became part of the Earldom of Ulster, conquered by Anglo-Norman invaders. A revival of Gaelic power followed the campaign of Edward Bruce in 1315, leaving Carrickfergus as the only significant English stronghold. In the late Middle Ages, Antrim was divided into three parts: northern Clandeboye, the Glynnes and the Route. The Cambro-Norman MacQuillans were powerful in the Route.

A branch of the O'Neills of Tirconnell (modern Tyrone) migrated to Clandeboye in the 14th century, and ruled it for a time from their castle on Lough Neagh. Their family was called Clandeboye O'Neills. Donald Balloch, who succeeded his father John Mor Macdonald, Lord of Dunyvaig and the Glens, married the daughter of Conn O'Neill of the Clandeboye O'Neills sometime after the Battle of Inverlochy. In 1433, Alexander of Islay, Lord of the Isles, joined with his cousin, Donald Balloch, Conn O'Neill of the Clandeboye O'Neills, and Eoghan O'Neill, king of Tirowen (modern Tyrone) to defend against an attack on Antrim by the O'Donnells of Tirconnell. Alexander Macdonald led the attack that was successful, so that the O'Donnells became subject to the O'Neills of Tirowen.[30] A Gallowglass sept, the MacDonnells (they were "Macdonalds" in Scotland), became the most powerful in the Glens in the 15th century.

During the Tudor era (16th century) numerous adventurers from Britain attempted to colonise the region; many Scots settled in Antrim around this time.[31] In 1588 the Antrim coast was the scene of one of the 24 wrecks of the Spanish Armada in Ireland. The Spanish vessel La Girona was wrecked off Lacana Point, Giant's Causeway in 1588 with the loss of nearly 1,300 lives.[32]

Antrim is divided into sixteen baronies. Lower Antrim, part of Lower Clandeboye, was settled by the sept O'Flynn/O'Lynn. Upper Antrim, part of Lower Clandeboye, was the home of the O'Keevans. Belfast was part of Lower Clandeboye and was held by the O'Neill-Clannaboys. Lower Belfast, Upper Belfast, and Carrickfergus were also part of Lower Clandeboye. Cary was part of the Glynnes; ruled originally by the O'Quinn sept, the MacDonnell galloglasses from Scotland took power here in the late Middle Ages and some of the O'Haras also migrated from Connaught. Upper and Lower Dunluce were part of the Route, and were ruled by the MacQuillans. Upper and Lower Glenarm was ruled by the O'Flynn/O'Lynn sept, considered part of the Glynns. In addition to that sept and that of O'Quinn, both of which were native, the Scottish Gallowglass septs of MacKeown, MacAlister, and MacGee, are found there. Kilconway was originally O'Flynn/O'Lynn territory, but was held by the MacQuillans as part of the Route, and later by the gallowglass sept of MacNeill. Lower Massereene was part of Lower Clandeboye and was ruled by the O'Flynns and the O'Heircs. Upper Massereene was part of Lower Clandeboye, ruled by the O'Heircs. Upper and Lower Toome, part of the Route, were O'Flynn/O'Lynn territory. Misc was first ruled by the MacQuillans. Later, the Scottish Gallowglass MacDonnells and MacAlisters invaded. The MacDonnells were a branch of the Scottish Clan MacDonald; the MacAlisters traced their origin back to the Irish Colla Uais, eldest of the Three Collas.

Islandmagee had, besides antiquarian remains, a notoriety as a home of witchcraft, and during the Irish Rebellion of 1641 was the scene of an act of reprisal (for the massacre of Protestants) against the Catholic population by the Scottish Covenanter soldiery of Carrickfergus.[10]

In 1689 during the Williamite War in Ireland, County Antrim was a centre of Protestant resistance against the rule of the Catholic James II. During the developing crisis James' garrison at Carrickfergus successfully repulsed an attempt by local Protestants to storm it. After the advance of the Irish Army under Richard Hamilton, all of County Antrim was brought under Jacobite control. Later in the year a major expedition from England under Marshal Schomberg landed in Belfast Lough and successfully laid siege to Carrickfergus. Having captured most of the largest towns of the area, they then marched southwards towards Dundalk.

Historic monuments[edit]

Dunluce Castle.
Carrickfergus Castle (1177)

The antiquities of the county consist of cairns, mounts or forts, remains of ecclesiastical and military structures, and round towers.

There are three round towers: one at Antrim, one at Armoy, and one on Ram's Island in Lough Neagh, only that at Antrim being perfect. There are some remains of the ecclesiastic establishments at Bonamargy, where the earls of Antrim are buried, Kells, Glenarm, Glynn, Muckamore and Whiteabbey.[10]

The castle at Carrickfergus, dating from the Norman invasion of Ireland, is one of the best preserved medieval structures in Ireland. There are, however, remains of other ancient castles, as Olderfleet, Cam's, Shane's, Glenarm, Garron Tower, Red Bay,[10] and Dunluce Castle, notable for its dramatic location on a rocky outcrop.

The principal cairns are: one on Colin mountain, near Lisburn; one on Slieve True, near Carrickfergus; and two on Colinward. The cromlechs most worthy of notice are: one near Cairngrainey, to the north-east of the old road from Belfast to Templepatrick; the large cromlech at Mount Druid, near Ballintoy; and one at the northern extremity of Islandmagee. The mounts, forts and entrenchments are very numerous.[10]

The natural rock formations of Giant's Causeway on the Antrim coast are now designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Saint Patrick[edit]

Slemish, about eight miles (13 km) east of Ballymena, is notable as being the scene of St Patrick's early life.[10] According to tradition Saint Patrick was a slave for seven years, near the hill of Slemish, until he escaped back to Great Britain.


Linen manufacturing was previously an important industry in the county. At the time Ireland produced a large amount of flax. Cotton-spinning by jennies was first introduced to Belfast by industrialists Robert Joy and Thomas M'Cabe in 1777; and twenty-three years later it was estimated that more than 27,000 people were employed in the industry within ten miles (16 km) of Belfast. Women were employed in the working of patterns on muslin.

Notable residents[edit]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Records of the seaweeds of County Antrim were brought together and published in 1907 by J. Adams[36] who notes that the list contains 211 species. Batter's list, of 1902,[37] contained 747 species in his catalogue of British marine algae.

Of the freshwater algae there are 10 taxa in the Charophyta (Charales) recorded from County Antrim: Chara aspera var. aspera; Chara globularis var. globularis; Chara globularis var. virgata (Kütz.) R.D.; Chara vulgaris var. vulgaris; Chara vulgaris var. contraria (A. Braun ex Kütz.) J.A.Moore; Chara vulgaris var. longibracteata (Kütz.) J. Groves & Bullock-Webster; Chara vulgaris var. papillata Wallr. ex A. Braun; Nitella flexilis var. flexilis; Nitella translucens (Pers.) C.A. Ag. and Tolypella nidifica var. glomerata (Desv.) R.D. Wood.[38]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Northern Ireland General Register Office (1975). "Table 1: Area, Buildings for Habitation and Population, 1971". Census of Population 1971; Summary Tables (PDF). Belfast: HMSO. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 July 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  2. ^ Bonamargy Friary Guide Archived 30 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine Department of the Environment.
  3. ^ North-South Ministerial Council: 2004 Annual Report in Ulster Scots Archived 2 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ 2008 annual report in Ulster-Scots Archived 3 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine Tourism Ireland.
  5. ^ The Ulster-Scot, June 2011 Archived 1 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine Charlie 'Tha Poocher' Rennals.
  6. ^ Postal Towns/Bailte Poist Archived 7 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Northern Ireland Place-name Project. Queen's University Belfast. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  7. ^ "Get data for your table | NISRA Flexible Table Builder". build.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 July 2023. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  8. ^ Divide the population of County Antrim (618,108) by the area (3086 km2)
  9. ^ "Mountain Views". Simon Stewart. Archived from the original on 11 November 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Antrim (county)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 152–154.
  11. ^ "VATSIM UK | Home". www.vatsim.uk. Archived from the original on 2 July 2022. Retrieved 10 June 2022.
  12. ^ "About Us". Belfast Harbour. Archived from the original on 29 May 2007.
  13. ^ "Get data for your table | NISRA Flexible Table Builder". build.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 July 2023. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  14. ^ "Get data for Ethnic group (MS-B01) | NISRA Flexible Table Builder". build.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 July 2023. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  15. ^ "Get data for your table | NISRA Flexible Table Builder". build.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 July 2023. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  16. ^ "Get data for Country of birth - basic detail (MS-A16) | NISRA Flexible Table Builder". build.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 July 2023. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  17. ^ a b "Get data for Religion or religion brought up in (MS-B23) | NISRA Flexible Table Builder". build.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 July 2023. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  18. ^ "Changing Distribution of Protestants in Ireland 1861 - 1991". www.wesleyjohnston.com. Archived from the original on 27 March 2023. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  19. ^ "Get data for Religion (MS-B19) | NISRA Flexible Table Builder". build.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 July 2023. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  20. ^ "Get data for National identity (person based) - basic detail (classification 1) (MS-B15) | NISRA Flexible Table Builder". build.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 July 2023. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  21. ^ "National Identity (Irish)". NISRA. Archived from the original on 18 August 2023. Retrieved 18 August 2023.
  22. ^ "National Identity (British)". NISRA. Archived from the original on 18 August 2023. Retrieved 18 August 2023.
  23. ^ "National Identity (Northern Irish)". NISRA. Archived from the original on 18 August 2023. Retrieved 18 August 2023.
  24. ^ "Statistics from the national Gaelscoil management body". Archived from the original on 24 August 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
  25. ^ "Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972". Legislation.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 30 October 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  26. ^ a b c d e f "Statistical classification of settlements". NI Neighbourhood Information Service. Archived from the original on 17 February 2010. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
  27. ^ Waddell, John (1998). The Prehistoric Archaeology of Ireland. Galway: Galway University Press Limited. pp. 11–24.
  28. ^ O'Rahilly, Thomas F. (1946). Early Irish History and Mythology. Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies. p. 7.
  29. ^ O'Rahilly, Thomas F. (1946). Early Irish History and Mythology. Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies. pp. 341–352.
  30. ^ Egan, S. (2018) The Early Stewart Kings, the Lordship of the Isles, and Ireland, c.1371-c.1433. Northern Studies, 49, pp. 61-78.
  31. ^ Benn, George (1877). A History of the Town of Belfast. Belfast: Marcus Ward & Company. pp. 21 ff.; Encyclopædia Britannica (14th edition), Antrim.
  32. ^ "La Girona" (PDF). # Annual Report of the Advisory Committee on Historic Wrecks, 2005. Advisory Committee on Historic Wreck Sites. p. 35. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 January 2007. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  33. ^ a b Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
  34. ^ Cullen, Pamela V., "A Stranger in Blood: The Case Files on Dr John Bodkin Adams", London, Elliott & Thompson, 2006, ISBN 1-904027-19-9
  35. ^ Taonga, New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatu. "Hunter, William Magee". teara.govt.nz. Archived from the original on 30 January 2023. Retrieved 30 January 2023.
  36. ^ Adams, J.1907. The Seaweeds of the Antrim Coast. Scient. Pap. Ulster Fish. Biol. Ass. Vol.1: 29 – 37
  37. ^ Batters, E.A.L. 1902. A catalogue of the British marine algae being a list of all the species of seaweed known to occur on the shores of the British Islands, with the localities where they are found. J. Bot., Lond. 40 (suppl.): (2) + 107.
  38. ^ Hackney, P. ed. Stewart & Corry's Flora of the North-east of Ireland. Third edition Institute of Irish Studies and The Queen's University of Belfast. ISBN 0 85389 446 9

External links[edit]